My name is Tetyana Obukhanych. I hold a PhD in Immunology. I am writing this letter in the hope that it will correct several common misperceptions about vaccines in order to help you formulate a fair and balanced understanding that is supported by accepted vaccine theory and new scientific findings. Do unvaccinated children pose a higher threat to the public than the vaccinated? It is often stated that those who choose not to vaccinate their children for reasons of conscience endanger the rest of the public, and this is the rationale behind most of the legislation to end vaccine exemptions currently being considered by federal and state legislators country-wide. You should be aware that the nature of protection afforded by many modern vaccines — and that includes most of the vaccines recommended by the CDC for children — is not consistent with such a statement. I have outlined below the recommended vaccines that cannot prevent transmission of disease either because they are not designed to prevent the transmission of infection rather, they are intended to prevent disease symptoms , or because they are for non-communicable diseases.
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Although the underlying ideas and messages in this article remain relevant, much HIV prevention research has been published since , notably about there being effectively no risk of transmitting the virus if you are HIV positive and undetectable a. Can you get HIV from oral sex? Americans really want to know their HIV risk during fellatio—even more so than during anal sex.
Гавриленко Л.М. [Gavrylenko L.M.] (): Нові для України види лишайників та ліхенофільних грибів з Нижнього Придніпров’я [New for Ukraine lichens and lichenicolous fungi from the lower Dnieper area]. – Український Ботанічний Журнал [Ukrainian Botanical Journal], 69(5): .
By Soumya Karlamangla Oct 05, 4: At least people have been infected and 17 have died of the virus since November in San Diego, Santa Cruz and Los Angeles counties, where local outbreaks have been declared. Many are beginning to offer vaccines to their homeless populations, which are considered most at risk. Doctors say that people with hepatitis A could travel and unknowingly infect people in a new community, creating more outbreaks.
Police officers try to help the homeless find services in San Diego, where poor sanitation has contributed to a hepatitis A outbreak. San Diego County declared a public health emergency in September because of its hepatitis A outbreak. Since November, people there have fallen ill, including 17 who died, according to Dr. An additional 57 cases are under investigation, he said.
County 6 cases elsewhere in the state Sources: County health departments, California public health departments Hepatitis A is commonly transmitted through contaminated food. The virus is transmitted from feces to mouth, so unsanitary conditions make it more likely to spread. The city of San Diego has installed dozens of handwashing stations and begun cleaning streets with bleach-spiked water in recent weeks. McDonald said county health workers have vaccinated 57, people in the county who are either homeless, drug users or people in close contact with either group.
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In other words, they did not seem to work well It was an opinion piece, not an experiment Conducted at a school in India, the leaf extract of soursop was tested against normal liver cells, normal skin cells human immortalized keratinocyte cells and cancerous breast cells As far as how the graviola safety measured up in the experiments, this chart shows how while it showed toxicity against the carcinoma cells, look at the similar effects it had on healthy liver and skin cells.
EDITOR’S NOTE: Although the underlying ideas and messages in this article remain relevant, much HIV prevention research has been published since , notably about there being effectively no risk of transmitting the virus if you are HIV positive and undetectable (a.k.a. treatment as prevention, or TasP), as well as the effectiveness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP).
Five new records and an identification key of the lichen genus Leptogium from Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Leptogium is a cosmopolitan genus with currently accepted species, of which 46 are reported from Brazil. Leptogium atlanticum is recorded for the first time outside the type locality. We also provide comments and the first identification key for Leptogium species found in Santa Catarina state.
Ascomycota, Collemataceae, diversity, jelly lichen, taxonomy. Long-term vegetation changes of treeless heath communities in northern Fennoscandia: Links to climate change trends and reindeer grazing. In recent decades, high-latitude climate has shown regionally variable trends towards warmer and moister conditions.
These changes have been predicted to cause afforestation or shrubification of open tundra, increases of warmth-demanding southern species and plant groups favoured by increased moisture, and decline of species and habitats that are dependent on snow cover. In this study, we explore temporal changes in northern tundra upland plant communities along regional gradients and in local habitats.
We ask how vegetation changes are linked with long-term trends in regional climate and grazing pressure. In — , we resurveyed a total of vegetation plots on wind-exposed and snow-protected tundra habitats in three subareas along a bioclimatic gradient from the northern boreal to the arctic zone. Vegetation plots were originally sampled in —
This is a do-it-yourself procedure. When fajitas are cooked cut into small slices. Perfect compliments for this divine composition are frijoles and Spanish rice. But they don’t call them skirt steaks in San Antonio–they call the fajitas. From what I was able to learn, it seems fajitas are something of a Southern Texas–or Tex-Mex-phenomenon.
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Pre-pregnancy Weight or Dress Size: Clomid, 50 mg, conceived first round Any Complications: The circumstances of the labor suggests that this baby might have been posterior and gotten ‘stuck’. Shawn confirms that her baby was indeed ‘sunny side up’ but that this was not noted in her medical records. This is not unusual; many doctors don’t see posterior position as relevant and fail to note it in records or mention it to parents, yet many other providers feel that it is the cause of many c-sections.
Positioning often helps facilitate rotation, but Shawn was not able to try these. Also, although the midwife felt that rupturing the bag of waters more fully would help dilation by bringing baby farther down, doing this tends to fix baby in its poor position and make a normal vaginal birth difficult to impossible.
Breaking the bag of waters is the last thing that should be done if baby is in a poor position for birth. Birth Story When I went to see my OB about fertility treatments, I remember one of her first comments being, “You really should try to lose some weight prior to beginning treatment
BBW Birth Stories: C
Here is my all-star band: If he is successful, Morton plans to use Tommy Ladnier on trumpet. Occasionally, Washington does get a respite from corn when a good band plays a theater. During the fall, though, the nearest we came to swing was the ad libbing of Mr. Martin Dies and his boys.
The solitude, the scenery, the sights – take in our wide open spaces and enjoy the Yukon’s stress-free, relaxed atmosphere. The Yukon is located in northwestern Canada, next to Alaska.
Atmospheric nuclear weapon tests almost doubled the concentration of 14C in the Northern Hemisphere. One side-effect of the change in atmospheric carbon is that this has enabled some options e. The gas mixes rapidly and becomes evenly distributed throughout the atmosphere the mixing timescale in the order of weeks. Carbon dioxide also dissolves in water and thus permeates the oceans , but at a slower rate. The transfer between the ocean shallow layer and the large reservoir of bicarbonates in the ocean depths occurs at a limited rate.
Suess effect Many man-made chemicals are derived from fossil fuels such as petroleum or coal in which 14C is greatly depleted. Such deposits often contain trace amounts of carbon The presence of carbon in the isotopic signature of a sample of carbonaceous material possibly indicates its contamination by biogenic sources or the decay of radioactive material in surrounding geologic strata. In connection with building the Borexino solar neutrino observatory, petroleum feedstock for synthesizing the primary scintillant was obtained with low 14C content.
The rates of disintegration of potassium and carbon in the normal adult body are comparable a few thousand disintegrated nuclei per second. Carbon can be used as a radioactive tracer in medicine. In the event of a H.
Under a Creative Commons license open access Abstract Instability of vaccines often emerges as a key challenge during clinical development lab to clinic as well as commercial distribution factory to patient. To yield stable, efficacious vaccine dosage forms for human use, successful formulation strategies must address a combination of interrelated topics including stabilization of antigens, selection of appropriate adjuvants, and development of stability-indicating analytical methods.
This review covers key concepts in understanding the causes and mechanisms of vaccine instability including 1 the complex and delicate nature of antigen structures e. Despite these challenges, vaccines can usually be sufficiently stabilized for use as medicines through a combination of formulation approaches combined with maintenance of an efficient cold chain manufacturing, distribution, storage and administration. Several illustrative case studies are described regarding mechanisms of vaccine instability along with formulation approaches for stabilization within the vaccine cold chain.
Homosexual odds of hepatitis C infection Read the page: Gays & Hep C Many researchers agree that homosexual men who have sex with multiple partners and/or engage in high-risk activities are at risk of getting or passing on hepatitis C.
You are NOT alone! There are approximately 5, , people, in the United States living with Hepatitis C and over , , worldwide! Dating today is tough. Dating with Hepatitis C is even tougher. How do you tell other singles you have Hepatitis C? What will their reaction be? What about Hepatitis C and sex? Hepatitis C Dating makes it easy for you to meet other Hepatitis C Singles who understand exactly what you are going through!