Mini Cooper S (R53): Installing Gauges

I am not going to provide a lot of additional detail here since it is covered by other existing sources and the manufacturer instructions. I will note that there is no easy way to route the AutoMeter gauge harness through the firewall with the connectors installed. My attempt to remove the pins was a problem so I just cut the wiring harness in half and ran it through that way, this also allowed me to adjust the length before crimping them back together. Using the right crimps and the right tool can result in a wire almost as good as a solid one. I chose to use the Craven Mounting System, keep in mind when ordering gauge cups that they are metric and some gauges Autometer are standard sized. It is smoother in operation, is symmetric with the other gauge, and requires less clearance when mounting. I also does not interfere with the stalk and can be angled the same as the other gauge. I have the older style CravenSpeed gauge mounts with set-screws so removing the protruding threaded studs was easy- a pair of pliers and a die grinder with cutoff wheel were used to completely pull the studs out or cut them off.

Repair and Diagnosis of Problems with Your (Chrysler) Imperial’s Gauges

The low pressure gauge or compound gauge is color coded blue and the high pressure gauges are color coded red. The AC gauge hoses are color coded in blue, yellow, and red. The AC gauge hoses port are not color coded, but the hose is color coded. The blue hoses are used to connect the manifold to the low pressure side central air units suction line. Some manufacturers even color code the hand valves.

1. Attach gauge set to the car’s AC system. 2. Verify that there’s no refrigerant in the AC system. Note it’s illegal to release refrigerant into the atmosphere. 3. Take car to repair shop for refrigerant to be recovered if necessary. Connect yellow hose to vacuum pump, turn on .

Recommendations for refrigeration gas pressure measurement using a test gauge set. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. We describe the procedure for using test gauges when adding or replacing refrigerant: We explain how a refrigeration gauge set should be connected to HVAC equipment to avoid contamination damage and we review the refrigeration system evacuation and cleaning procedure. Green links show where you are.

To be clear, when connecting an HVAC refrigeration gauge set to test fittings on an air conditioner or heat pump we must: Connect the gauge set center supply tube to a canister of the proper refrigerant gas matching the refrigerant in the system being tested Leave some positive pressure of refrigerant gases in each of the two gauge test connection hoses – the high pressure side and the low pressure side, so that when the gauge hose fitting is connected to the service port on the HVAC equipment no outside air or moisture are pushed into the system piping.

This is a diaphragm type gauge but other methods of measuring and charging systems are available. How to Read the Low Pressure Side Refrigerant Gauge The compound gauge at left is used on the low pressure side of the system and shows pressure readings in black, from 0 to psi gauge pressure. Vacuum is also shown on this gauge on a scale from in.

How do you hook up R22 gauges

I don’t have a micron gauge so I leave the pump on the system for two to four hours, is this enough? You can’t tell for sure. Without a micron gauge we do not know if the oil in the pump is clean. The oil in a vacuum pump acts as a blotter and absorbs all of the moisture and sediment in the system. As the oil becomes saturated, the efficiency of the pump is drastically reduced.

If I put new oil in now and run the pump the same period of time, am I safe?

Hang the S-hook of the test gauge manifold assembly over the top of the AC unit. Close both the high (red) and low (blue) side pressure valves on the manifold by turning the knobs clockwise. Locate the AC unit’s low and high pressure test ports.

A set of two gauges are attached to the top of a manifold a pipe with access ports with a set of three hose and two control valves. The hoses, gauges and valves are all color coded; the high pressure side is red and low pressure side is blue. There is also a yellow hose used to add refrigerant if necessary. However, due to environmental laws, adding refrigerant should only be done by qualified technicians.

Video of the Day Set the thermostat of the AC unit to a low enough temperature so the unit will run continually during the test. Hang the S-hook of the test gauge manifold assembly over the top of the AC unit. Close both the high red and low blue side pressure valves on the manifold by turning the knobs clockwise.

How To Diagnose My Car AC Compressor Not Turning On

These are some general HVAC service techniques I’ve picked up over the years, and I’ve written this page hoping these tips will help technicians who are just starting out in our trade. If you’re looking for a more detailed, step by step troubleshooting guide, you might want to take a look at some of the other pages on the site. Start out by getting focused. I think almost everyone would agree that sharp, clear mental focus improves HVAC service and troubleshooting efficiency, and I think that the types of questions you ask yourself while troubleshooting can affect your mental focus.

Open ended questions like “Why isn’t this thing running?

Air conditioning and heat pump testing and repair using a pressure gauge: Recommendations for refrigeration gas pressure measurement using a test gauge set Proper Use of the Refrigeration Charging / Testing Gauge Set to Keep Moisture & Dirt out of an .

The refrigerant required depends on the car — factory AC prior to used Freon. That said, you can convert Freon systems to the new refrigerant that is more environmentally friendly, r a. This requires replacing several key components in the system and is outside the scope of this article. Stop leak is great for gunking up your expensive AC parts and ruining your repair.

The above pack of cans was from Walmart, but all the parts stores carry plain unadulterated r a. Also, if you are putting in a new compressor or replacing other components, you may need more PAG oil. AC requires a small amount of oil in the system. You can google how much oil to add for your car depending on which parts you are replacing. If you are doing a simple refill, no additional oil is required. The can tap allows you to connect the can to your manifold gauges.

Scale that reads in ounces This is optional, but really helpful.

HVAC service tips for new technicians.

Gauges are used to read the pressure of various liquids and gases in a cooling system, as well as vacuum pressure when you are pressure testing or charging the device. There are a number of different ports on the HVAC gauge set, also known as a manifold, and the main difference in the types of manifolds is the number of ports that you have available to attach accessories to, as well as the pressure that the gauge set can withstand, which is important when working with different refrigerants.

Step 1 Connect the high pressure side of the cooling line to the red port on the gauge. The red port and red gauge are always the high pressure gauges. You will want to attach a code-approved red hose, which is made to withstand high pressure, using the flare fittings that are included with it, to the high pressure port on the cooling unit.

The high pressure port is typically of a different size and thread pitch than the low pressure side in order to avoid the potential for accidental incorrect hookups.

In an analog gauge, the position of the needle in relation to the numbers on the gauge face indicates the pressure or vacuum in the refrigeration system. Digital gauges provide a numerical reading indicating system pressure or vacuum. All gauge manifolds have high and low pressure gauges. A few older gauge manifolds have three gauges.

The EPA does allow for de-minimis release, or basically refrigerant released when connecting hoses to and from a unit or tank. Recovery tank, tanks with a yellow top are designated Recovery Tanks. Refrigerant scale 1…The gauges should be turned off and then connected to the high and low sides of the unit to be recovered from. Red goes to the high side, Blue goes to the low side. By law a tank can only be filled to 80 percent capacity. This is done by opening all the valves from the unit to the tank, only the tank valve should be off, than at the tank letting the air push out of the hoses.

This will only be done for a few seconds. At the tank unscrew the hose slightly until air is heard escaping, after a second or two re-tighten the connection to the tank. The refrigerant will be under pressure and push the air out of the lines. Pressure at the recovery machine will show when all valves are open Purging the lines 6…After the the lines are purged we are ready to turn on the recovery machine.

The recovery tank valve along with all other valves should be open, than the recovery machine can be turned on. Be sure to watch the scale as to not overfill the recovery tank, a tank should never be filled pass 80 percent of its capacity. The recovery machine should be working up to it reaches 0 psi on the low side of the recovery machine. Most new recovery machines will turn themselves off automatically when they reach 0 psi.

How to Vacuum and Charge an Air Conditioner in Under 45 Minutes

Co-founder Bryan Orr explains how you can understand, check and set refrigerant charge. Make sure to sound off in the comments or leave us a V oicemail. If you do, you might end up on our Podcast! So depending on the type of refrigerant that you have, depending on the temperature conditions, depending on the pressure, all those things affect the ways, one affects the other. So whenever you have an increase of temperature in a closed vessel, you also have an increase of pressure in that vessel.

Gauges Ac Up Hook Recharge if the 7cada7 Speed Dating temperatures on the blue gauge do not correspond to the number recommended in the equipment manufacturers specifications. Slowly, and in small amounts, introduce refrigerant into the suction line of the system, and allow 5 to 10 minutes for the system to stabilize between addition of.

Dislikes Received 0 Knowing the refrigeration cycle is the first step to understanding what’s going on in the lineset. When in the heating mode and the 4-way valve shifts, the high pressure gas from the compressor is redirected to the “condenser” which in the heating mode is the INDOOR coil. So how do you know the actual pressures? All HP manufacturers install a second access port for at least the suction line that is connected to the suction line between the 4-way valve and the compressor.

Some manufacturers also provide a similar access to the liquid line but in reality, that’s a duplicate because you’ll always be reading the high pressure liquid at either the normal service port or the auxilliary HP liquid port. That port might also be labelled ‘LO’ for low pressure. Nobody intended to insult you but we do get a whole lot of do-it-yourselfers on this website and sometimes we all get a little fed up with those who think they know it all and want to demean our profession by thinking they can do it after a simple question.

If you’re a newbie to the industry, welcome.

Module 7 – Gauge Connection and Set-up


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