Front Range Student Ecology Symposium (FRSES) at Colorado State University

Bio Dept Species Co-occurrence Species co-occurrence is a pattern fundamental to obtaining a better understanding of lots of ecological processes. Positive co-occurrence signifies that two species occur together at more locations than would be expected if each were randomly distributed relative to the other species. Negative co-occurrence although it may sound like an oxymoron is just the opposite; two species co-occurring at fewer locations than expected if each were randomly distributed relative to the other species. Thus, a pair of species could potentially have a random, positive, or negative association — and the type of association can indirectly indicate or provide supporting evidence for the ecological process es or factor s leading to the particular pattern of co-occurrence. There are various methods for analyzing species co-occurrence. The main difference is that in the former, the co-occurrence between two species of a pair is assessed, in the latter, co-occurrence is measured as a property of an entire species presence-absence matrix.

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Receive free lesson plans, printables, and worksheets by email: A Galaxy of Knowledge – We’ll begin our astronomy unit by finding out basic information about the the planets and stars including our Sun , and discover why we have eclipses, seasons, and varying phases of the moon. Africa’s Natural Reserves – You are an ecologist who is in charge of create a “Safari” with tourists that comes to the Africa Natural Reserve to met wild animals in their own habit.

Alcohol and Performance – Many young athletes are aware that alcohol is unhealthy but they are unaware of the effects it has on their performance. An Athlete’s Diet – Sports Nutrition is essential for athletes as how they fuel their body can be the difference between a personal best or an average performance. As such as an athlete you will want to do some research into the type of diet an athlete in your chosen sport would eat as a result of their energy requirements.

Ecologist Ted Schuur from the University of Florida describes how his research team used radiocarbon dating, a technique typically used to determine the age of artifacts, to measure the movement of ‘old’ organic carbon within Alaskan permafrost.

Lamos Abstract Certain taxonomic groups within the American flora and fauna are relatively unexplored in terms of their biodiversity — one of these groups are the diatoms. The diversity, phylogeny, and ecology of the common freshwater diatom genus Rhoicosphenia are explored. While determining the diversity of Rhoicosphenia in American streams, several new taxa have been discovered, both from fossil and recent collections.

These discoveries are discussed in the context of the history of the genus, its diversity in other parts of the world, and the morphological characters used to identify species distinctions. Prior to this dissertation, one taxon R. Presently, no published molecular studies have sequenced any species of Rhoicosphenia for use in phylogenetic analyses. In the literature, four historical hypotheses dating back to the erection of the genus in about its position in the diatom tree of life remain untested by molecular data.

This dissertation used morphological and multi-marker molecular data to test the four hypotheses and place Rhoicosphenia in the phylogeny of diatoms. The results did not fully support any of the four hypotheses, but did offer insight into parts of the diatom tree that have been underexplored. Due to its presence in a large percentage of studies, it has often been referred to as a geographically cosmopolitan species with broad tolerance of ecological parameters.

Large water quality monitoring datasets were analyzed to understand the biogeographical patterns of the eight new taxa as well as their ecological niches. Results suggest that none of the taxa are cosmopolitan and none are broadly tolerant of all ecological conditions, but there is variation in both range size and ecological tolerance among the eight taxa. Traditionally, diatom species have been described based largely on morphological variation of their silica cell walls, but the results of the many aspects of this dissertation provide evidence for a more robust, unified species concept for diatoms that relies on many different types of data in addition to morphology, including geographical distributions, ecological preferences, and phylogenetics.

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Sisters serve as confidants, sources of support and mentors during intimate conversations October 15, Adolescence can be an impressionable time for girls as they begin forming ideas about dating and sexuality. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has found that sisters often take on key roles of confidants, sources of Relationship quality affects siblings’ mental health, risky behaviors September 30, Latinos are the fastest-growing ethnic minority group in the United States, and most are of Mexican origin, previous research has shown.

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Evolution’s dating and mating game Roy Caldwell, and Farnis Boneka reported on one of the first long term studies of octopus mating behavior in the wild. What they found out about the social life of the Indonesian octopus Abdopus aculeatus is the stuff of daytime television: jealousy.

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Much of our research is focused on clarifying relationships between streamflow, fluvial geomorphology, and riparian vegetation, including various feedbacks. In some cases this work involves studying river reaches or segments that are relatively unaltered by anthropogenic activities; in many cases it involves study of river segments that have been altered by human activities, most notably river damming.

Our research often includes field studies, but also experiments e. This work is often done in collaboration with scientists whose primary emphasis lies in the physical sciences e. In the western US, the majority of riparian restoration projects involve control of these, and other, non-native species.

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Continue reading the main story In contrast with some other at-risk species, perhaps sea turtles have been easier to manage because their threats are more tangible: They are accidentally trapped by fishermen or harvested by others as delicacies, aphrodisiacs or decoration. In the most extreme cases, like in Tortuguero, Costa Rica, nearly all female green turtles at one point had been exported for turtle soup. But conservation efforts there dating back to the s made an impact, and protecting beaches, regulating fishing and establishing marine protected areas have helped save turtles in many locations.

Photo The scientists found that even small populations of turtles have a chance of survival. Detecting whether a juvenile sea turtle survives long enough to make babies can take 10 to 30 years while it matures. They were surprised to find that with adequate protection, even small populations of turtles have a chance of survival. In an area called French Frigate Shoals in Hawaii, for example, green sea turtles increased nest numbers from around in , when the Endangered Species Act was signed, to around 2, in Yet research is still lacking.

For all sea turtles, most male to female ratios are unknown, which is an important aspect of reproduction and appears to be altered with increasing sand temperatures, skewing births toward more females. And a huge initiative to collect more data on flatback turtles in and around Australia may be complicated by a recent announcement that the country will shrink its marine protected areas.

Game regulations

The popular and the scientific meaning. Here the term ecology is probably quite poorly defined. To my gut feeling, the concept relates to the concept of global change.

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About the book Description Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology deals with dating, chronology, stratigraphy, volcanic activity, and with the impacts of volcanism on animals, plants, human populations, and the environment. Some of the chapters explain how such findings must be weighed against other causes that influence human behavior and survival, such as factors of social customs, climatic change, shifting biogeographic patterns, disease, and the ability to adapt. Each of the chapters that assess the possible human response to volcanism does so by searching for multiple explanations of the archaeological record, avoiding the simple argument that people were dramatically and inevitably overcome by catastrophic geologic events.

The book begins with discussions of volcanism as seen by geologists and pedologists. These include s a general overview of volcanoes and volcanism; a review of the production, dispersal, and properties of tephra and of the geologic methods used to study tephra; and the nature of volcanic soils and their economic impact. Subsequent chapters use the geologic and modern records to examine volcanoes as hazards to people. The final series of papers deals with the interrelationships between volcanism and human occupations as seen through the archaeological, paleobotanical, and paleozoological records.

Show more Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology deals with dating, chronology, stratigraphy, volcanic activity, and with the impacts of volcanism on animals, plants, human populations, and the environment.

Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology

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Are these ancient systems dating back to the anoxic Archaean era of some billion years past, when noxious substances were abundant on this planet’s surface and the ability to exploit them for energy gain may have conferred some selective advantage?

Monday, 12 December Radiometric Dating versus Relative Dating In palaeontology and archaeology, it becomes necessary to determine the age of an artifact or fossil when it is uncovered. This, of course, is so that it can be properly catalogued, and, if valid, can be related to or associated with other objects from the same era.

However, such a task can be quite tricky. Fossils and artifacts don’t come with labels attached that clearly state their age. Therefore, scientists need to make use of proper techniques to adequately specify what the age of a fossil or artifact is. Two of the most well-known and most frequently used include radioactive dating and relative dating.

Radiometric Dating Phrased simply, radioactive dating is the method that uses measurements relating to the radioactivity of the atoms in a fossil or an artifact. How is this done? Organic bodies, such as you and me, as well as inanimate objects, such as stone tablets or rocks. What “decay” means is that the atoms in the object or body become unstable, and, over time, begin to “decompose” by giving off radiation in the forms of subatomic particles such as electrons and protons.

There are different types of radiation: These will be discussed in detail at another time. This process of radioactive decay eventually leads to the atoms becoming a different element and achieving stability. For example, in decomposing organic bodies – such as an animal carcass – carbon , an isotope of carbon, is present.


Decomposers or Detritivores Bacteria , fungi , and insects which degrade organic matter of all types and restore nutrients to the environment. The producers will then consume the nutrients, completing the cycle. Functional trophic groups sort out hierarchically into pyramidic trophic levels because it requires specialized adaptations to become a photosynthesizer or a predator, so few organisms have the adaptations needed to combine both abilities.

This explains why functional adaptations to trophism feeding organizes different species into emergent functional groups. Grouping functionally similar species into a trophic system gives a macroscopic image of the larger functional design. For example, predators eating herbivores indirectly influence the control and regulation of primary production in plants.

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Too often, we think and talk about prairie restoration aka prairie reconstruction in the wrong way. Instead of trying to restore an ecosystem, we try to reproduce history. I was in Washington D. After the death of the president, the building went through drastic changes, including being completely gutted after a partial collapse of the interior.

By the time the decision was made to restore the building for use as a historic site, the National Park Service basically had to start from scratch. In the case of prairie restoration, someone identifies a tract of land that used to be prairie but has been converted into something completely different usually cropland , and tries their best to restore what was there before it was converted. Prairies are dynamic ecosystems that are constantly changing and evolving, and their components include organisms that interact with each other in complex ways.

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Perhaps the Brooks River’s most dominant bear, Bear With a glut of fresh salmon at their disposal, many brown bears just munch the fatty skin and brains of the fish, leaving the bright red meat for lesser bears. By later July, once the salmon run peters out, however, most of the bears usually vanish into the dense woods from whence they came, seeking fresher feeding grounds. The reason for this prolonged fishing season is simple: The famous river is still teeming with sockeye salmon thanks to an exceptional salmon run, specifically from Alaska’s Bristol Bay this year.

Emissions Create Carbon Dating Uncertainty. Ice Offers Deeper Insight into Volcanic Impacts on Climate. Global Greenhouse Gas Emitters. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Remain the Primary Threat to Polar Bears. No Global Warming Hiatus. The Ecology Global Network ®, Ecology Radio ®, Ecology Campus Network ® and their related logos and tagline.

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Riparian Ecology

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Formation of arroyos in the late s greatly increased erosion across the southwestern United States. Since the s, however, this erosion has decreased, partly because of bank stabilization by introduced saltcedar. With Isleta Pueblo Indian Nation, the Aquatic Systems Branch developed a new sediment dating method using saltcedar tree rings.

The study of the relationships between living organisms and their physical environment. Ecologists study these relationships among organisms and habitats of many different sizes, ranging from the study of microscopic bacteria growing in a fish tank, to the complex interactions between the thousands of plant, animal, and other communities found in a desert. Ecosystems depend on the energy that moves in and out of that system.

You could have an entire ecosystem underneath a big rock. There is an overall ecosystem of the entire planet the biosphere. An ecosystem can be as small as a puddle or as large as the Pacific Ocean. Energy flows through ecosystems in one direction From the Sun, through photosynthetic organisms including green plants and algae , to herbivores, to carnivores and then to decomposers.

Bob Dobbs on Media Ecology as Extensions of the Human senses

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